Major categories

There are four major categories of rice worldwide: Indica, japonica, aromatic and glutinous.[1]

African varieties

  • African rice (not Oryza sativa but a different species, known as Oryza glaberrima.)
  • New Rice for Africa

Australian varieties

  • Amaroo[disambiguation needed] – semi-dwarf medium grain
  • Reiziq – semi-dwarf medium grain
  • Jarrah – semi-dwarf medium grain
  • Koshihikari – tall short grain Japonica style
  • Opus[disambiguation needed] – semi-dwarf short grain Japonica style
  • Illabong – semi-dwarf arborio style
  • Langi[disambiguation needed] – semi-dwarf long grain, soft cooking (low amylose)
  • Doongara – semi-dwarf long grain, hard cooking (high amylose)
  • Kyeema – tall long grain, fragrant

Bangladeshi varieties

  • Chinigura Rice
  • Kalijira Rice – similar to basmati and jasmine rice but with very tiny, short grains, resembling sushi rice
  • Kataribhog Rice
  • Paijam Rice
  • Najirshail Rice
  • Balam Rice
  • Binni Rice
  • BrriDhan – This is a group of high yielding rice varieties developed by Bangladesh Rice Research Institute.
  • Hori Dhan
  • Irri Rice
  • Miniket Rice
  • Hamim

Bhutanese varieties

  • Bhutanese red rice – like brown rice but semi-milled. See Brown rice.

Cambodian varieties

  • Phka Malis(ផ្កាម្លិះ) – similar to fragrant Thai Jasmine rice
  • Neang Khon(នាងខុន)
  • Phka Khnei(ផ្កាខ្ញី) – another fragrant variety, phka meaning “flower”.
  • Neang Minh(នាងខុន) – long grain rice
  • Phka Romdul(ផ្ការំដូល)
  • Bonla Pdao(បន្លាផ្ដៅ)
  • Sen Kro Ob(សែនក្រអូប)
  • Sen Pi Dao(ែសនពិដេា)

Canadian varieties

  • Wild Rice

Chinese varieties

  • Forbidden rice

Dominican varieties

  • Prosequisa 4
  • Prosequisa 5
  • Prosequisa 10
  • Juma 57
  • Juma 58
  • Juma 66
  • Juma 67
  • Idiaf 1
  • Yocahú CFX-18
  • Cristal 100
  • Toño Brea
  • Inglés Corto
  • Inglés Largo

Iranian varieties

Many varieties of rice are cultivated in Iran. A few of them are listed below

  • Domsiah
  • Binam
  • Hasani
  • Salari
  • Ambarboo
  • Sang Tarom
  • Hasan Sarai

Italian varieties

  • Arborio
  • Ariete
  • Baldo
  • Carnaroli
  • Lido
  • Originario
  • Padano
  • Ribe
  • Roma
  • Sant’Andrea
  • Thaibonnet
  • Venere
  • Vialone Nano

Japanese varieties

  • Koshihikari
  • Hitomebore
  • Hinohikari
  • Kinuhikari
  • Nihonbare
  • Sasanishiki
  • Kirara397
  • Hoshinoyume
  • Domannaka
  • Akitakomachi
  • Haenuki
  • Hanaechizen
  • Akebono (rice)
  • Asahi (rice)

Nepalese varieties

  • Pokhareli
  • Jire Masino
  • Mansooli

Lao / Thai varieties

  • Sticky Rice
  • Rice biodiversity in Laos [2]

Pakistani Rice

  • PK-386 Basmati Rice
  • PK-198 Basmati Rice
  • D-98 Basmati Rice
  • KS-282 varieties==
  • PK-385 Basmati
  • Irri-9
  • Irri-6

Portuguese varieties

  • Agulha Rice
  • Carolino Rice

Indian varieties

  • Basmati
  • Ambemohar
  • Dubraj rice
  • Aizon Rice [3]
  • Champaa Rice
  • Clearfield Rice
  • Hasan serai
  • Gobindo Bhog [West Bengal]
  • Atop
  • HMT Rice
  • Thimmasamundaram Mollakolukulu
  • Jay Shrirama Rice
  • Joha rice [4]
  • Rosematta rice
  • Navara rice
  • Raja Hansa rice
  • Molakolukulu
  • Patna rice
  • Pusa Rice
  • 74 count
  • Idly Rice – Short grain
  • Sona Masuri
  • Ranjit Rice [5]
  • Katta sambar
  • Hansraj
  • Jyothi
  • Annapoornna
  • Poreiton chakhau – aromatic dark red rice from Manipur
  • Rice varieties of Karnataka- Jaya, Thanu, Tunga, IR-30864, BR-2655 (Produced in SFPP Project, VC Farm, Mandya, Karnataka, India)
  • Traditional Kerala rice varieties – Chitteni (ml:ചിറ്റേനി),Aryan(ml:ആര്യൻ), Thavalakkannan(ml:തവളക്കണ്ണൻ),Vattan (ml:വട്ടൻ), Wayanad Kayamma (കയമ്മ)
  • Assamese rice varieties – Bora, Malbhog, Manuhar, Bahadur, Kushal, Maniram IR-8, etc.
  • Tamilnadu rice varieties- IR-20,IR-50,Aduthurai(ADT)-36,Ambai-16, BPT 5204, ADT 43, improved white ponni, Co-43 etc.,

Indonesian rice varieties/landraces

  • Cianjur Pandanwangi (aromatic)
  • Rajalele (semi-aromatic)
  • Peta
  • many deep swamp rice varieties of Kalimantan (Borneo)
  • dryland rice landraces of Java
  • Temanggung black rice
  • Mandel Handayani; Segreng Handayani, Gunung Kidul red rice, Yogyakarta

Philippine varieties

  • Baysilanon
  • Dinorado
  • Ifugao Rice
  • Maharlika
  • Milagrosa pino
  • Segadis Milagrosa
  • Kalinayan
  • Sinandomeng
  • IR-841
  • IR-64
  • Angelika
  • Azucena
  • Malagkit
  • Wagwag
  • 80 other varieties which include Red, Brown, Black, White, Glutinous rice

Sri Lankan varieties

  • Samba
  • Sri Lankan Red Rice
  • Keeri Samba
  • Supiri Samba
  • Supiri Nadu
  • Nadu Rice
  • Badhabath

Spanish varieties

Bomba Rice.

  • Bahia
  • Bomba
  • Calasparra
  • Senia

Thai varieties

  • Jasmine rice
  • White rice
  • White Glutinous rice
  • Black Glutinous rice
  • Red Cargo rice
  • Brown rice

United States varieties

California varieties

  • Akitakomachi rice
  • California New Variety rice
  • Calmochi rice
  • Calrose rice
  • Wehani rice

Louisiana varieties

  • Pecan rice
  • Popcorn rice

Vietnamese varieties

  • Dự Hương Rice
  • Nàng Thơm Chợ Đào Rice – from Mỹ Lệ commune, Cần Đước district, Long An province
  • Nếp cái hoa vàng from Nam Dinh province
  • Nếp cẩm Rice
  • Nếp Tú Lệ
  • Tài Nguyên Rice – from Long An province
  • Tám Xoan Rice – from Hải Hậu district, Nam Dinh province